A CORRELATION ANALYSIS OF THE RELATIONSHIP BETWEEN AIR POLLUTION PARAMETERS PM10 WITH LAND SURFACE TEMPERATURE (LST) BASED ON LANDSAT 7ETM+ AND LANDSAT 8OLI/TIRS SATELLITE IMAGES IN BANDUNG CITY

Aab R. Abdullah, Rika Hernawati, Soni Darmawan

Abstract


Bandung is one of the cities that are currently developing in terms of population, economy, and infrastructure in Indonesia. These developments will affect the ecological side by declining of the quantity and quality of land cover, especially vegetation. This condition is correlated with increasing air pollution in Bandung City. Therefore, doing research regarding a correlation analysis of the relationship between LST and Particulate Matter (PM) 10 in Bandung is important to do. This research aims to provide information about the conditions and changes in LST and PM in the Bandung by using primary data from Landsat 7 ETM+ and Landsat 8 OLI/TIRS images in 2008, 2018 and 2019 which have been corrected in terms of atmospheric radiometric and geometric. In the calculation of LST was using the Mono Window method that utilizes the thermal to find out the brightness of the temperature and multispectral bands found in Landsat images also used to determine
the vegetation index, proportion of vegetation and land surface emissivity whereas to determine. To estimation of PM10 algorithm using RGB reflectance and AOT, data can be concluded as a result between PM10 and LST. PM10 estimation results obtained the highest value of 299,7 ug/m3 in 2018 included in the dangerous category while the value of LST from 2008 to 2019 was increased in 1,8°C. The relation was positive relation in the year 2008, 2018 and 2019, which means that the assumption of the estimated LST value is low then the result of
PM10 is small, while the assumption value of the estimated LST is high, then the resulting of PM10 calculation is large.

Keywords


Landsat; LST; AOT; PM10

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DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.24895/SNG.2019.4-0.1096

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